Child Rights International Network (CRIN)’s case studies illustrate how strategic litigation works in practice by asking the people involved about their experience. They aim to cover a wide range of violations and jurisdictions, and publicise little-known cases. By sharing these stories CRIN hopes to not only raise awareness of challenges to children’s rights violations around the world, but also give you the tools to challenge similar violations where you live.
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This document brings practical resumed information of judgings of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) regarding racial discrimination.
Document outlining the International Criminal Court (ICC) change of focus to include crimes that result in “destruction of the environment”, “exploitation of natural resources” and “illegal dispossession” of land.
Mohammad Khairallah Hamid Ali (henceforth known as Mr. Hamid Ali), a Sudanese citizen, born in 1980 and in possession of a refugee certificate issued by the regional office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Beirut, works in a carpenter’s shop in Beirut, Lebanon. It is reported that, on 16 October 2010, Mr. Hamid Ali was arrested in Jounieh, Keserwan district, Mount Lebanon governorate, by General Security officers. According to the information received, Mr. Hamid Ali was accused of having entered Lebanon illegally in violation of article 32 of the Act of 10 July 1962 regulating the entry and residence of aliens in Lebanon and their departure from the country.
Youssef Mahmoud Chaabane, a Palestinian born in 1965, a chauffeur, domiciled at the Bourj Barajneh camp in Beirut, was arrested on 5 February 1994 in Beirut, by members of the Syrian intelligence services, and was taken to Beau Rivage, a Syrian intelligence interrogation centre. After 10 days, he was handed over to the Furn El Chebbak – Dabta Adlieh gendarmerie in Beirut, where he was held incommunicado for one month. Mr. Chaabane was later brought to Roumieh central prison, where he is currently being held. Mr. Chaabane was accused of murdering a Jordanian diplomat, Naëb Omran al-Maaitha, first secretary of the Jordanian Embassy in Beirut, and received a death sentence, which was commuted to life imprisonment on 19 October 1994.
This case was submitted to the Working Group in the following terms: Mr. Thaer Kanawi Abed el Zahra el Rimahi, an Iraqi national, born on 1 May 1986, is the holder of refugee certificate No. 245-07C03 134 issued by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. On 9 March 2010, he was arrested by plain-clothes officers of the National State Security Department. At the time of his arrest, Mr. El Rimahi was not presented with a warrant of arrest. Nonetheless, a warrant appears in his case file (initial number 658, issued on 9 March 2010 by the Prosecutor-General of south Lebanon). Mr. El Rimahi was allegedly charged with illegal residence in violation of article 36 of the Act of 10 July 1962 regulating the entry and residence of aliens in Lebanon and their departure from the country.
Jawad Kazem Mhabes Mohammed Al Jabouri (Mr. Al Jabouri), an Iraqi national born on 4 September 1964, holder of Iraqi passport No. 033 1837 and Refugee Certificate No. 245-06C00030 issued by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, was employed at a service station. Mr. Al Jabouri was reportedly arrested on 4 November 2007 at his workplace, the Rida Tabaja service station in Kfartabnite, southern Lebanon, by plain-clothes officers of the General Security service, without an arrest warrant.
According to the information received, Mr. Nehmeh Naim El Haj, born in 1963, of Lebanese nationality, interior decorator, resident in the Al Basatin neighbourhood, Ain Saadeh, Lebanon, and currently detained in the Roumieh central prison in Lebanon, was arrested at the Lebanese-Syrian border on 25 November 1998. The arrest was made, without an arrest warrant, by Syrian intelligence service agents, who placed Mr. El Haj in an illegal Syrian interrogation centre at Anjar in the Bekaa Valley region of Lebanon for a month. While he was there, his family was told neither that he had been arrested nor where he was and he had no access to a lawyer. According to the information received, he was tortured during interrogation sessions conducted by members of the Syrian intelligence services. A month after his arrest, he was handed over to the Lebanese authorities at Zahleh and then transferred to Jounieh before being detained in the Roumieh prison, where he has been ever since.
The Working Group was notified of the following in respect of the above-mentioned case: Mr. Abbas Shadar Zabed al-Lami, an Iraqi national born on 9 January 1980 and resident in Msharafiyeh, Chiyah, Baabda, Lebanon, holds an Iraqi passport, No. G2301532, issued on 31 August 2008 and Refugee Certificate No. 245-09COO263, issued by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. On 4 February 2010, he was arrested at his home by plain-clothes officers of the Directorate General of State Security. Mr. al-Lami was not shown an arrest warrant or informed of the reasons for his arrest. He was taken into custody at the police station of the Directorate General of State Security. It was not until 27 March 2010, 53 days after his arrest, that he was charged by the Baabda region Public Prosecutor with a breach of article 34 of the Act of 10 July 1962 governing aliens’ entry to, departure from and sojourn within Lebanon. More specifically, he was charged with a breach of an administrative expulsion order (arrest warrant No. 16533).
Badria Abu Meri (hereinafter Ms. Abu Meri), aged 45, is a Lebanese citizen and resident of Ketermaya, a village in the department of Chouf, Mount Lebanon. She is married and has two children. In April 2010, a murder was committed in the village in which she lived. An elderly couple and their two grandchildren, who were all relatives of Ms. Abu Meri, were found dead. The main suspect, Mohammad Salim Al Msallem, was arrested by the internal security forces (Forces de sécurité de l’intérieur (FSI)) on 28 April 2010. When the FSI officers arrived at the scene of the crime the day after the murders, Mr. Al Msallem had been brutally beaten, and the officers had to take him to hospital. Some of the villagers followed them and attacked and killed Mr. Al Msallem and then left his body in a public square. The security forces could reportedly do nothing to prevent the attack.