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The UN Convention Against Toture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment outlines how communities and individuals might seek redress against torture and ensure that those who torture are held responsible for their actions. This piece guides the reader through the steps of invoking the convention.

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Despite enormous efforts to achieve progress towards justice in Guatemala, there are still some major obstacles to fighting impunity in the country, generating violence and social mistrust. According to IW’s Monitoring findings from 2012, evident progress made by effective prosecutions can be observed, but at the same time new obstacles have arisen that question the judiciary’s role in fighting impunity. As a consequence of those obstacles, justice in Guatemala is still characterised by legal uncertainty and a politicised legal order susceptible to private interests. Both phenomena seem to contribute to a sustainable cycle of impunity, violence and lack of access to judicial remedies. Recommendations for normative and practical measures to combat such obstacles are provided at the end of this document.

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This report documents evidence and testimonies of human rights violations recorded during and after Amnesty International’s visit to Vanuatu in 1998. The report also contains recommendations to the government of Vanuatu to improve prison conditions prison as well as police complaints mechanisms and to seek assistance of the international community.

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The torture prevention database tracks progress on signatures and ratifications, by African States, of the two major instruments against torture, namely the United Nations Convention against Torture (CAT) and its Optional Protocol (OPCAT),which establishes international and national visiting mechanisms to places of deprivation of liberty in order prevent torture and other forms of ill-treatment.

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In light of the moral imperative inherent in the absolute prohibition of torture, politicians and their lawyers have repeatedly attempted to limit the definition of torture so as to exclude certain interrogation techniques from its scope. The inclusion of a comprehensive legal definition of torture in article 1 of the UN Convention Against Torture is therefore of great significance.

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States Parties to the UN Convention against Torture are not only under an obligation to prevent torture and ill-treatment and to bring perpetrators of torture to justice, but also to assist victims of torture and to grant them adequate reparation, including compensation and rehabilitation.

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