In 1995 a handful of NGOs formed the NGO Coalition for an International Criminal Court (CICC). The coalition now includes over 2,500 NGOs worldwide united in their support for a fair and effective International Criminal Court (ICC). The CICC played a uniquely influential role in the establishment of this international institution. It significantly contributed to the process from the early discussions at the UN, through the Rome Statue, the ratification campaign and beyond.
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The UN Security Council established the International Criminal Tribunal of Rwanda (ICTR) to prosecute those most responsible for the 1994 genocide during which hundreds of thousands of Tutsis and moderate Hutus were murdered. This page follows the development of important cases at the ICTR and provides analysis of the tribunals’ effectiveness.
During the Bosnian war in the early 1990s ethnic cleansing, genocide and other serious crimes were committed on all sides. In May, 1993, the UN Security Council established the International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia (ICTY) to try those responsible for violations of international humanitarian law in the territory of the former Yugoslavia since 1991. This page follows the development of important cases in The Hague with special attention to the trial of Radovan Karad
This Institute for War and Peace Reporting document is a straightforward, yet comprehensive “beginner’s guide” to the International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia. It covers the tribunal’s establishment, mission and jurisdiction, as well as its relationship with national courts. The guide also provides basic information on how a case is conducted; from indictments and arrests, through to sentencing and appeals.
This webpage discusses the international crime of enforced disappearances, when people disappear at the hands of state actors who deny it or refuse to state where they are. Disappearances are a global problem that particularly affects human rights defenders, relatives of victims, witnesses and lawyers, among other vulnerable peoples.
The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) brings together the children’s human rights articulated in other international instruments. This Convention articulates the rights more completely and provides a set of guiding principles that fundamentally shapes the way in which we view children.
This fact sheet from the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights (OHCHR) discusses children’s rights under the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), the constructive monitoring of these rights, and how to make children’s rights a reality.
This webpage explores the role of treaty bodies, NGOs and UNICEF in monitoring States’ compliance with the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC).