Introduction to what human rights are and why they are so important.
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In 1995 a handful of NGOs formed the NGO Coalition for an International Criminal Court (CICC). The coalition now includes over 2,500 NGOs worldwide united in their support for a fair and effective International Criminal Court (ICC). The CICC played a uniquely influential role in the establishment of this international institution. It significantly contributed to the process from the early discussions at the UN, through the Rome Statue, the ratification campaign and beyond.
The UN Security Council established the International Criminal Tribunal of Rwanda (ICTR) to prosecute those most responsible for the 1994 genocide during which hundreds of thousands of Tutsis and moderate Hutus were murdered. This page follows the development of important cases at the ICTR and provides analysis of the tribunals’ effectiveness.
During the Bosnian war in the early 1990s ethnic cleansing, genocide and other serious crimes were committed on all sides. In May, 1993, the UN Security Council established the International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia (ICTY) to try those responsible for violations of international humanitarian law in the territory of the former Yugoslavia since 1991. This page follows the development of important cases in The Hague with special attention to the trial of Radovan Karad
This Institute for War and Peace Reporting document is a straightforward, yet comprehensive “beginner’s guide” to the International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia. It covers the tribunal’s establishment, mission and jurisdiction, as well as its relationship with national courts. The guide also provides basic information on how a case is conducted; from indictments and arrests, through to sentencing and appeals.
In January 2002 the UN approved the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL) to try those responsible for the crimes committed during the civil war. Based in the country where the atrocities were committed and combining international and domestic law, the SCSL ushers in a new generation of international tribunals.On June 4 2007, the Court started the trial against Charles Taylor who has been indicted for war crimes. This page follows this case and other important cases being heard by the Special Court for Sierra Leone and provides analysis of the court’s effectiveness.
On June 10 2007, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon came into force after a negotiated agreement between the Lebanese government and the United Nations. The Tribunal has a mixed composition of Lebanese and international judges and has its seat near The Hague in the Netherlands. It differs, however, from other hybrid model tribunals as it was set up to try a domestic criminal case and would probably not have came into being had it not been for regional politics. This page follows the investigations, indictments and proceedings of the Tribunal.
On March 17, 2003, the United Nations reached a draft agreement with the Cambodian government for an international criminal tribunal, the so called Extraordinary Cambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), to try former Khmer Rouge leaders.This page follows the investigations, indictments and proceedings of the Tribunal.
The increasing importance of information and communication has brought with it another phenomenon: the rise of a surveillance society. Surveillance can be seen as an attempt by the powerful to maintain their dominance, asserting control over communication. At Riseup, the goal is to make a high degree of security easy and accessible for everyone.