Despite enormous efforts to achieve progress towards justice in Guatemala, there are still some major obstacles to fighting impunity in the country, generating violence and social mistrust. According to IW’s Monitoring findings from 2012, evident progress made by effective prosecutions can be observed, but at the same time new obstacles have arisen that question the judiciary’s role in fighting impunity. As a consequence of those obstacles, justice in Guatemala is still characterised by legal uncertainty and a politicised legal order susceptible to private interests. Both phenomena seem to contribute to a sustainable cycle of impunity, violence and lack of access to judicial remedies. Recommendations for normative and practical measures to combat such obstacles are provided at the end of this document.