Vanuatu legislation provides for universal jurisdiction over only two crimes under international law, grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions in certain circumstances, and slave trading. Vanuatu is currently a safe haven from prosecution in its courts for foreigners who are suspected of crimes under international law. It is also a safe haven from extradition for war crimes and crimes against humanity, for example. There are no known cases in Vanuatu involving universal jurisdiction. This paper is one of a series on each of the 193 members of the United Nations.
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International humanitarian law (IHL), also known as the laws of war and the law of armed conflict, is the legal framework applicable to situations of armed conflict and occupation. This factsheet provides definition and resources for further reading on IHL.
The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda was established for the prosecution of persons responsible for genocide and other serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of Rwanda between 1 January 1994 and 31 December 1994. It may also deal with the prosecution of Rwandan citizens responsible for genocide and other such violations…