This Institute for War and Peace Reporting document is a straightforward, yet comprehensive “beginner’s guide” to the International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia. It covers the tribunal’s establishment, mission and jurisdiction, as well as its relationship with national courts. The guide also provides basic information on how a case is conducted; from indictments and arrests, through to sentencing and appeals.
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In January 2002 the UN approved the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL) to try those responsible for the crimes committed during the civil war. Based in the country where the atrocities were committed and combining international and domestic law, the SCSL ushers in a new generation of international tribunals.On June 4 2007, the Court started the trial against Charles Taylor who has been indicted for war crimes. This page follows this case and other important cases being heard by the Special Court for Sierra Leone and provides analysis of the court’s effectiveness.
On June 10 2007, the Special Tribunal for Lebanon came into force after a negotiated agreement between the Lebanese government and the United Nations. The Tribunal has a mixed composition of Lebanese and international judges and has its seat near The Hague in the Netherlands. It differs, however, from other hybrid model tribunals as it was set up to try a domestic criminal case and would probably not have came into being had it not been for regional politics. This page follows the investigations, indictments and proceedings of the Tribunal.
On March 17, 2003, the United Nations reached a draft agreement with the Cambodian government for an international criminal tribunal, the so called Extraordinary Cambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), to try former Khmer Rouge leaders.This page follows the investigations, indictments and proceedings of the Tribunal.
In 2006 the Security Council created the Serious Crimes Investigation Team (SCIT) to resume the investigative functions of the former Serious Crimes Investigation Unit. This page follows the work of the SCIT, and provides analysis on the issue of justice vs. reconciliation in East Timor.
In 1995 a handful of NGOs formed the NGO Coalition for an International Criminal Court (CICC). The coalition now includes over 2,500 NGOs worldwide united in their support for a fair and effective International Criminal Court (ICC). The CICC played a uniquely influential role in the establishment of this international institution. It significantly contributed to the process from the early discussions at the UN, through the Rome Statue, the ratification campaign and beyond.
This Human Rights Watch guide explains the structure of the International Criminal Court (ICC) and asserts that NGOs can continue to show support for the ICC by sharing information with the public and the Court, and aiding victims and witnesses.