Human rights defenders and journalists have regularly been targeted by authorities in Ethiopia simply for expressing themselves freely and for standing for their beliefs. Many reports show that authoritarian governments hire international hacking companies to target human rights defenders. Ethiopia is one of those countries. This digital security guideline, developed in three languages – Afaan Oromo, Amharic and English – aims to empower human rights defenders and journalists with the skills to protect their presence online.
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Safety of the human rights defenders is a priority for the Universal Periodic Review (UPR). The purpose of this handbook is to share information to make sure that human rights defenders will understand the risks they could face due their engagement in the promotion of human rights, and what means are available to protect themselves in case of intimidation and reprisals.
The most effective security lessons come from defenders themselves – from their daily experiences and the tactics and strategies they develop over time in order to protect others and their own working environments. This manual must therefore be understood as a work in progress which will need to be updated and adapted as we gather more input from human rights defenders working on the front line. There are also lessons to be learned from international humanitarian NGOs, who have recently started to develop their own rules and procedures to maintain staff security. These manuals were written largely based on the work of PBI.
This handbook is intended to give human rights defenders at risk practical advice on how to deal with the attacks which they may have to deal with in their work as a human rights defender. This manual is designed as a quick reference handbook giving helpful and practical suggestions on steps to improve personal security. These manuals were written largely based on the work of Peace Brigades International (PBI).
The International Working Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA) cooperates with indigenous peoples’ organisations and international institutions to promote recognition and implementation of the rights of indigenous peoples. IWGIA works to empower indigenous peoples through documentation, capacity development and advocacy on a local, regional and international level.
This Online Directory of Urgent Responses for WHRDs is based on an initial mapping of “Urgent Responses for Women Human Rights Defenders at Risk”, produced by AWID and the WHRD International Coalition in 2011. In the Online Directory, Women Human Rights Defenders International Coalition (WHRDIC) outlines the diverse responses that exist and, where available, those that are specific to WHRDs. WHRDIC hopes to provide a simple tool for WHRDs to locate the best resources available for their protection, support, and wellness.